The Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) is a venomous pit viper species found in the Southeastern United States. The average adult length is around 3 feet.

Main Characteristics

The Copperhead has a copper colored head. This is how it gets its name. This snake's coloration is usually tan and brown. Male Copperheads are usually larger than females.


The Copperhead's venom is not as toxic as its close relative, the Water Moccasin, or Cottonmouth. Copperhead venom has some Hemotoxins and Cardiotoxins.


The Copperhead feeds on small mammals, large insects and frogs.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Agkistrodon
Species: A. contortrix